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明治維新とグラバー The Meiji Restoration and Thomas Glaver

  07, 2018 15:58
thomas glaver

トーマス・グラバー(スコットランド人)は、明治維新を起こしたフィクサー、徳川幕府を倒した張本人のひとりである。明治維新が正しい道であったかはわからない。なぜなら、これによって徳川三百年の遺産は露と消えたからだ。徳川と関ケ原で争った毛利、薩摩に戦争をけしかけ、内乱の乗じてジャハディーン・マセソン商会(東インド会社-ロスチャイルド家)にぼろ儲けをさせた。その手先であったことも間違いないだろう。しかしながら、徳川幕府が明治維新のような近代化をなしとげられたかは未知数である。今日明治維新の歴史を振り返るに、アジア植民地化の時代、西欧列強に治外法権や関税自主権の放棄など押し付けながらも、曲がりなりにも植民地化されず、近代化をなしとげられた裏には、グラバーの大きな功績があったことは間違いない。終生日本でくらし、日本人妻をもち、日本の未来のために尽くしたグラバー、個人的はその負の遺産を勘案しても大評価されるべき人物ではなかったのか。日英同盟があったからこそ日本が世界の大国の一員になりえ、日清・日露戦争にも勝利できたのである。もう一度、グラバー氏の再評価と日英協調を蘇えさせる時が来たのかもしれない。(続く)

Thomas Glover (Scot) is one of the fixers, having demolished Tokugawa shogunate government and caused the Meiji Restoration. It has a lot of opinions as to whether the Meiji Restoration was a right way from a historical point of views. Because the inheritance of Tokugawa 300 years through the revolution had disappeared as dew dissapears. He instigated a war in Mouri, Satsuma that competed against Tokugawa in Sekigahara war in 1660 of the internal disturbance, let took advantage for Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited (the former East India Company) to make large profits by selling the rifles left after the Civil War in America. It is certain that he played for that role. However, it is uncertain that Tokugawa shogunate government could make the rapid modernization such as the Meiji Restoration. It was for sure that the modernization of Japan was accomplished was due to the big role of Glover being not to let Japan to become a colony by the Western imperial nations while their pushing the abandonment of extraterritoriality and the tariff autonomy of Japan in the times of the colonization of Asia. He lived in Japan to the last being married a Japanese woman for his life and was it not the person who should be evaluated very much even if Glover to take his negative inheritance in his career into account? It was clear that Japan could become a member of the world big countries from Asia simply because there was a Japan-Britain alliance to let her have won Sino-Japanese, Russo-Japanese War. It nowadays may be a time to come in a re-evaluation of the achievements of Glover to Japan and Japanese-to-English cooperation once again. (To be continued)


蝶々夫人の物語には、グラバーの人生も大きく関わっている。英国人と日本人の間には、島国に由来する心を通じ合える文化基盤があるのではないか!
The life of Glover greatly affects the story of the famous "butterfly wife". There may be a same cultural base to toss through a heart coming from the same island spirit among the Japanese and the Scots!


グラバーの墓
訪問者も少なく、さびしくたたずむグラバーとその妻ツルの墓(長崎)
The graveyard of Glover and his wife, Tsuru having a few visitors and nestling lonelily (in Nagasaki).
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